Monday, March 28, 2011

Long Beans Cultivation

GROWTH CONDITIONSPlants grow well in soil Latosol / sandy loam, fertile, friable, many containing organic matter and good drainage, pH around 5.5 to 6.5. Temperatures between 20-30 degrees Celsius, dry climate, rainfall between 600-1500 mm / year and the optimum height of less than 800 m above sea level.
Nurseries- Seed beans are good and quality are as follows: appearance pithy / dull, high germination above 85%, is not damaged / defective, do not contain any outbreak of pests and diseases. Purposes of seed for 1 hectare of between 15-20 kg.- The seeds planted need not specifically, but the seed planted directly in the prepared planting hole.
PLANTING MEDIA PROCESSING- Clean the area of ​​weeds, hoeing / hijacked until the soil becomes loose.- Make the beds with a size of 60-80 cm wide, the distance between beds of 30 cm, height 30 cm, length depending on the land. For system wide basis guludan 30-40 cm and width of 30-50 cm, height 30 cm and 30-40 cm distance between guludan- Perform calcification if soil pH is lower than 5.5 with dolomite as much as 1-2 tons / ha and mix evenly with the soil at a depth of 30 cm- Pour the NASA POC fertilizer has been mixed water evenly over the beds with a dose of ± 1 bottle (500 cc) NASA POC diluted with enough water for each 1000 m2 (10 bottles / ha). The result would be great if you use SUPER NASA, how to use it as follows:Alternative 1: 1 bottle of Super Nasa diluted in 3 liters of water used as mother liquor. Then every 50 liters of water were given 200 cc of mother liquor had to flush the beds.Alternative 2: every 1 gembor vol 10 lt given 1 tablespoon Super Nasa pressed to flush the 10-meter beds.
PLANTING TECHNIQUES- Distance to the type of vine planting hole is 20 x 50 cm, 40 x 60 cm, 30 x 40 cm. And spacing of vertical type is 20 x 40 cm and 30 x 60 cm.- A good planting time is early dry season / early rainy season, but can be throughout the season from adequate soil water- Seeds soaked NASA POC dose of 2 closed / liter for 0.5 hours then drain- Seed incorporated into the planting hole as much as 2 seed, cover with a thin soil / ash kitchen.
StitchingBean seeds will grow 3-5 days after planting. The seeds are not growing quickly embroidered.
WeedingWeeding done at 2-3 weeks old plants after planting, depending on the growth of grass in the garden. Weeding by pulling weeds / cleaning with tools kored.
Trimming / PEREMPELANLong beans that are too dense to be held pruning leaves and stem tip. Plants that are too dense to inhibit the growth of flowers.
FertilizationFertilizer macro as follows:

Left
Fertilizer dose Macro (per ha)
Urea (kg) SP-36 (kg) KCl (kg)
Base
50
75
25
Age 45 day
50
25
75
TOTAL
100
100
100

Note: Or as a local recommendation. Manure fertilizer is given in the hole located on either side of the planting hole. The amount of fertilizer given to a plant depends on the spacing ofNASA POC is given 1-2 weeks once since 2 weeks old plants, by spraying (4-8 cap POC NASA / tank). The total requirement for maintenance of NASA POC 1-2 bottles per 1000 M2 (10-20 bottles / ha). It would be nice if the use of POC NASA added HORMONIK (3-4 cap NASA POC + 1 cap HORMONIK / tank). At the time of flowering plant spraying is not done, because it can interfere with pollination (can be splashed with a dose + 2 tutup/10 liter of water).
IrrigationIn the early phases of seed growth until the young plants, watering done routinely every day. The next watering depending on the season.
PEST MANAGEMENT AND DISEASE a. Bean fly (Ophiomya phaseoli Tryon)Symptoms: We have white spots around the bone of leaves, stunted growth of infected plants and leaves yellowish, base of the stem occurs secondary roots and swollen. Control: crop rotation in a way that is not from family nuts and spraying with PESTONA.
b. Aphids (Aphis cracivora Koch)Symptoms: delayed growth due to pests suck plant cell fluids and declining yields. Lice clustered at the top of the plant and act as a viral vector. Control: with crop rotation with crops rather than family nuts and spraying Natural BVR
c. Armyworm (Spodoptera litura F.)Symptoms: leaf perforated with uncertain size, heavy attack in the dry season, also attack pods. Control: with a technical culture, crop rotation, planting in unison, Natural Spray VITURA
d. Grain borer (Callosobruchus maculatus L.)Symptoms: seeds were damaged with holes, crushed to 90%. Control: to clean up and destroy the remnants of plant pests hiding place. Chickpea seeds treated with corn oil 10 cc / kg of seed.
e. Silkworm interest (Maruca testualis)Symptoms: The larvae attack the flowers are open, then eat the pod. Control: with crop rotation and maintain the cleanliness of the garden from the remains of plants. Sprayed with PESTONA
f. Antraknose disease (fungus Colletotricum lindemuthianum)Symptoms of attack can be observed on new seedlings berkecamabah, a kind of cancer is brown on the stem and seed pieces. Control: with crop rotation, seed treatment before planting with Natural GLIO and POC NASA and remove weeds from around plants.
g. Mosaic disease (virus Cowpea aphid Borne Virus / CaMV).Symptoms: the young leaves are the color mosaic image does not irregular. The disease is transmitted by vector aphids. Control: use healthy and virus-free seed, spray vector aphids and plants deprived attacked and burned.
h. Broom disease (Cowpea Witches-broom virus Virus / Cowpea Stunt Virus.)Symptoms: stunted plant growth, the joints (the books) is very short stem, axillary shoots shortened and formed a "broom". Aphids transmitted diseases. Control: same with mosaic disease control.
i. Bacterial wilt (Pseudomonas solanacearum)Symptoms: sudden plant wilt and plant death menyeabkan heavy attack. Control: with crop rotation, drainage improvements and pull out dead plants and use Natural GLIO in the early planting.
HARVEST AND POST-harvest- The characteristics of peas ready for harvest is already the maximum size of peas, easily broken and the seeds in the pod does not protrude- The best harvest time in the morning / afternoon. Age of plants ready for harvest from 3.5 to 4 months- How to harvest the bean crop types propagate by cutting the fruit stalk with a sharp knife.- After the harvest, long bean pods are collected in a shelter, then sorted- Long bean pods tied with a maximum weight of 1 kg and ready for the market.

0 komentar:

Post a Comment

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...
Dahrul, SP. Powered by Blogger.
next page
There was an error in this gadget

  ©Farm - Todos os direitos reservados.

Template by Dicas Blogger | Topo